Since I no longer
have access to a computer that uses Windows, this tutorial uses print
drivers specific to macOS. However, the general principals for
configuring print setting in Lightroom Classic are common to both Mac
The printer driver screen shots used throughout this tutorial are for
the Epson SureColor SC-P700. However, most recent Epson models will use
similar driver settings.
macOS 11.x Big Sur - while all Epson print
drivers install a set of ICC media profiles they are usually contained
within an installer package that Lightroom Classic and Photoshop may
not have direct access to. This tutorial from Conrad Chavez provides
detailed instruction on how to make the ICC printer profiles visible -
Printer profiles missing on macOS: A permanent solution. This
procedure should not be necessary if using macOS 12.x Monterey as the
underlying bug has been fixed.
Print Setup Step-by-Step
This tutorial will concentrate on what is known as
application color management, which basically means that the ICC
profile associated with a particular paper/ink combination must be
selected in Lightroom Classic rather than the print driver itself. Additionally, since
the tutorial is intended to help both new and existing Lightroom
users I will also include some of the basics associated with Page
Setup and saving Print Templates.
With print templates
(sometimes referred to as print presets) you can avoid having to configure
the driver every time you want to make a print.
Figure 1 -
Lightroom Classic Print Module
Step 1 - Page Setup
Regardless of printer
model, paper, ink, etc your first step is to
decide on the paper size and orientation of the print.
Figure 2 - Page Setup
In the Print module click on Page Setup button (figure 2,
shown above will appear).
Ensure that the correct printer model is selected.
Select the Paper Size that you intend to print
Select the correct orientation (above example shows
landscape to match with image in figure 1).
Ensure that Scale is set to 100% (for best
quality do not scale images in page setup).
Click the OK button when satisfied that everything is
Step 2 - Print Job Setup
Figure 3 below shows how
the Print Job panel looks before a profile has been selected
(i.e. color management is handled by the printer). This is the step
where you configure Lightroom Classic so that it handles the image to
print color management. As noted above this is more commonly referred
to as application color management and requires the user to select an
the purposes of this tutorial I will assume that your Print Job panel
is configured as shown in figure 3 below.
Figure 3 - Color Managed by Printer
Click the pop-up labelled Profile: Managed by
Printer. The drop-down menu will either contain multiple ICC
profiles or just Managed by Printer and Other. If no profiles are
listed you will need to select Other, then choose from those
available in the ColorSync folder (figure 4 shows an example of the
profiles available to me). You MUST tick the profiles before they
become available in Lightroom then click OK to close the list.
Figure 4 - Available ICC Profiles
Figure 5 - Choosing the output settings
Set the Print Resolution to On or Off.
Typically, the default value is 240 ppi, but you can type in any
value you like. For example, with the Epson SC-P700/900 a value of
tends to be preferred as it's the native resolution of these
particular printers. When the Print Resolution is Off Lightroom will
vary the resolution of the original photo and scale the print to the correct size without up/down sampling. When
set to 'On' Lightroom will maintain the print resolution at the setting
shown (e.g. 240 ppi) and scale the print by up/down sampling the print. In general, it is
best left Off.
Set the Print Sharpening to your preferred
setting (i.e. Off, Low, Standard or High).
The actual amount of output or sharpening applied to the print will be
determined automatically by Lightroom Classic, and will depend upon the media
type and print resolution.
Select the Media Type (i.e. Glossy or Matte).
Glossy is best suited to: glossy, semi-gloss, lustre or Baryta type
papers. Matte is best suited to matte, rag and other rough surface
If your printer driver supports 16 Bit Output then
it's usually worth switching this mode to On.
Select the ICC Profile that you
intend to use. In above example, I've selected the ICC profile for
Epson Premium Lustre Photo Paper.
Select the rendering
intent Relative or
Perceptual. For most situations Relative is likely to produce the
best results, but it's always worth making a print with Perceptual to
see if it improves anything. Some users prefer Perceptual for
portraits as it tends to produce more pleasing skin tones.
Step 3 - Print Settings
Next up, are the steps in the procedure that appears to cause
the most confusion. So, follow the steps carefully.
Figure 6 - Print settings
now to open the only panel within the
Epson Print dialog that needs to be configured (i.e. Print
Figure 7 - Print Settings Options
Select the Media Type that matches with the
profile selected in step 2 above.
Check that Color Settings should be switched to Off
(No Color Adjustment). This option is critical in so far as Off
will prevent the print driver carrying out any color matching,
instead leaving it to Lightroom. With most Epson printers drivers, it
will be set to this option automatically, and greyed out.
Print Quality and any other model specific
options (e.g. speed, detail, etc) can be set to match whatever you
normally use. For best quality it's you can choose that the highest
print resolution is selected whilst at same time leaving High Speed off. Depending
on the media type selected earlier Finest Detail should be set to On. Note that the Print Quality drop-down menu may need to be
set to Quality Options for the view shown in Figure 8.
Click the Save button when all the options are
set correctly. This will ensure that the settings are stored and
ready for creating a Print Template.
Figure 8 - Final Print Settings
Step 4 - Print Templates
Lightroom Classic users Print Templates are a real boon,
but for others their behaviour is a complete mystery and often leads to
frustration. This section of the tutorial is intended to help
clear up the mystery and maybe reduce the frustration.
Print templates can be used
to store the: Page Size and
Layout Design, Print Resolution and Sharpening settings, Lightroom
Classic Color Management settings, and Printer Driver settings.
Having selected the Save button in step
3 above you
should now press Cmd+N keys to create a new print template
(you can also find this as an option on the Lightroom Classic Print menu at
the top of your screen).
When the New Template
dialog appears insert a descriptive name (e.g. SC-P700 - A4 Premium
Lustre - Landscape).
This example includes the printer model, page size, media and
orientation. Also, note that you should leave the template location
(i.e. Folder) at the default, which is User Templates.
Figure 9 - New Template
Figure 10 - Lightroom Print Templates
- any changes (inadvertent or deliberate) that you subsequently make on
the right side panels will override the active print template.
Fortunately, you can easily determine which, if any, print template is
active because it will be highlighted in the Template Browser. If none
are highlighted make sure that you select the appropriate template
before making a print.
Tip: To update
an existing print template with new settings you should Ctrl+click
the name in the Template Browser, then choose Update with current
settings from the context menu.
If everything has been setup correctly you should find
making a print should now be a relatively straight forward process:
Select the photo or batch of photos that you wish to
Switch to Print module.
Select a print template from Template Browser, this
will automatically configure the page size and layout, profile,
rendering intent, sharpening and driver settings for you.
Click the Lightroom Print One button. This
button by-passes the main print dialog and will print only one copy
of each select photo.