Category Archives: Export

Camera Raw, Lightroom Classic & Desktop | June 2022

 The latest updates to Camera Raw (14.4), Lightroom Classic (11.4) and Lightroom Desktop (5.4) have been released to customers. These updates include new camera and lens support, and bug fixes. There are also new features and performance enhancements in each of the applications. I’ve summarised below what I consider to be the highlights. However, more details on new features and enhancements can be found by clicking on the ‘What’s New’ menu option in the ‘Help’ menu of each application.

Masking Updates

All three applications benefit from a number of usability enhancements to the masking feature, although as of this release, not all have made their way into Lightroom Desktop.

Mask Invert (Camera Raw, Lightroom Classic and Desktop)

With these latest updates, we now have the ability to invert a whole mask, not only a component. The command for inverting masks can be found under the three-dot menu for the mask you want to invert.

Batch Update of AI Masks (Camera Raw, Lightroom Classic and Desktop)

The ability to update ‘Subject’ and ‘Sky’ masks on multiple images at once is now supported.

  • An option for ‘Update All’ masks has been added in the Masking panel. This can be accessed by opening the Masking panel on an image which has missing masks.
  • Also, for the images with missing masks, we can select all of the images, then use ‘Settings > Update AI Masks’ option in the Develop module to update Subject/Sky masks.
  • An indicator will be shown under Histogram in Develop Module when the current image has any AI Masks missing.

The following lists the supported and unsupported workflows available when batch updating images with AI masks.

Supported workflows:

  • Copy and Paste
  • Auto Sync Settings
  • Previous (in the Develop module)
  • Sync settings
  • Presets

Unsupported workflows:

  • Applying Develop Preset during Import
  • Raw Default

In both these cases, the ‘Update AI Masks’ on the imported images can be used to update the masks.

Mask Amount Slider (Camera Raw and Lightroom Classic)

Masks has been revamped to include an amount slider at the top of the Mask adjustment panel, above the other edit sliders. An important caveat regarding the Amount slider is that it does not change/update the individual sliders. Instead, it increases/reduces the intensity of the effect applied in the background. It’s also important to note that whilst an image that has been edited using the Mask Amount slider will share the same appearance as Camera Raw 14.4 and Lightroom Classic 11.4 when viewed in earlier versions, the slider itself will not be available.

Masking Badges (Camera Raw, Lightroom Classic and Desktop)

A number of mask badges in the Masking Panel have been changed to make them more visible and their function more obvious. Badges have been positioned on the far left side of the masking panel to denote the operations for: Add, Subtract, Intersect and Invert. The badges to denote the mask type have been placed to the right of the operator badges.

Presets (Camera Raw, Lightroom Classic and Desktop)

New Premium and Adaptive Presets

For those who use presets to enhance or personalise their images, Adobe have included 50 new Premium presets designed for videos, portraits and live concert photos. There are also  two sets of  ‘Adaptive Presets’, which with a single click will select the ‘Sky’ to create dramatic skies or ‘Subject’ to make your subject pop. All of the presets also include ‘live’ on-screen updates. So, we can just hover the  mouse over the presets to see a preview of the preset at work.

Preset Amount Slider

And if the new presets aren’t enough, an ‘Amount’ slider has been added to enable global fine-tuning of the preset settings.

For presets that support ‘amount’, the slider is enabled and defaults to value of 100. The minimum and maximum values of the slider are 0 and 200, respectively. The slider will be enabled for most Adobe-created presets including Premium Presets. However, the slider is only enabled for presets created in earlier versions if they have scalable settings. What are scalable settings?

Scalable settings:

  • White Balance (temperature & tint)
  • Exposure
  • Contrast
  • Highlights
  • Shadows
  • Whites
  • Blacks
  • Texture
  • Clarity
  • Dehaze
  • Curves (all curves)
  • Detail (sharpening amount, luminance noise reduction amount, color noise reduction amount)
  • Color Mixer (all sliders)
  • Color Grading (hue, saturation and luminance adjustments)
  • Effects (grain & vignette amount)

Non-scalable settings:

  • Camera Profiles (e.g. Adobe Color)
  • Convert to black-and-white
  • Detail (non-amount sliders, such as the Radius and Masking sliders)
  • Color Grading: Blending, Balance
  • Lens Corrections (LrC) / Optics (ACR)
  • Geometry
  • Effects (non-amount sliders, such as Size and Roughness of grain)
  • Calibration
  • Red-eye
  • Heal and Clone
  • Masking
  • Crop

The New and Update Preset dialog includes a new checkbox to indicate whether a preset should or should not support the ‘Amount’ slider. In Preset dialog, when the currently selected settings are scalable, then the Support Amount Slider checkbox will be enabled and checked by default. Otherwise, the checkbox will be disabled and unchecked.

Export (Lightroom Classic)

Lightroom Classic can now take advantage of the GPU when exporting images. However, as with GPU acceleration in Camera Raw, there are caveats as to whether a computer will be able to take advantage of the GPU when exporting. These caveats are related to the amount and type of memory available to the GPU:

  • If the GPU has dedicated VRAM of 8 GB and above, ‘Export’ will automatically utilise the GPU.
  • If the GPU has dedicated VRAM less than 8GB, you can enable GPU for ‘Export’ using ‘Custom’ option in ‘Use Graphic Processor’ located in Performance tab of Preference dialog. However, you are unlikely to see much, if any, improvement in export times. 
  • If the GPU uses shared memory (e.g. integrated graphic cards or Apple M1 unified memory), then the minimum requirement for export automatically taking advantage of the GPU is 16GB. Again, whilst it’s possible to force GPU support on computers with less shared memory, the improvement in export times will be small, and will require that the system makes significant use of swaps to disk/ssd.

I’ve included a screenshot below that shows the various options available for enabling GPU export support. Note that with only 4GB of VRAM on this particular computer, the GPU only supports limited acceleration, which means that acceleration will be minimal, if any.

You may well be asking what GPU acceleration on for exporting bulk images actually delivers.  I’ve used three Mac M1 based systems to demonstrate. The three Macs used were:

  • Mac mini 8-core M1 with 8-core GPU, 1TB internal SSD and 16GB of unified memory;
  • 16-inch MacBook Pro 10-core M1 Pro with 16-core GPU, 2 TB internal SSD and 32GB of unified memory; and
  • Mac Studio 20-core M1 Ultra with 48-core GPU, 1TB internal SSD and 64GB of unified memory.

I imported 1000 Canon EOS R5 files into Lightroom Classic 11.4, applied lens corrections, Auto Settings in the Basic panel and default sharpening. The Export settings panel was configured for full size, Quality ’100%’ JPEG and Standard sharpening. A 2TB Samsung T5 USB-C SSD was used for the original and saved files. Using the T5 meant that the likelihood of the faster SSDs in the M1 Pro and Ultra helping the  SSD read / write times would not occur.

The averaged results from 3 tests on each computer are shown graphically below.

As above shows, with GPU acceleration enabled on computers meeting the specified memory requirements, we can expect to see significant reductions in export times. In April, I published a Blog post using Camera Raw 14.3 comparing various M1 based Mac computers with an Intel based MacBook Pro here. This post provides more details on the approach I adopted in the above tests.

Note: the times shown in above graph are for Canon EOS R5 files. The export times for other camera models and vendors are very likely to differ.

Discarding Stale or Orphaned Previews (Lightroom Classic)

Preview Management has received some attention in this version by optimising the algorithms used to identify stale and orphaned previews. With this change, LrC delete all the orphaned previews (previews of images that are removed from catalog or no longer exist) and stale previews (previews which are no longer in use) from <Catalog Name> Previews.lrdata.

Crop and Info Overlays (Lightroom Classic)

Lightroom Classic now includes a ‘Crop Overlay’ for ‘Fifths’ in the Develop module (Tools > Crop Guide Overlay > Fifths). Additionally, we can now choose to have different ‘Info Overlays’ in Library and Develop modules.

In-App Feedback & Ai Red Eye Removal (Lightroom Desktop)

In-App Feedback for Machine Learning features is available using the AI Red Eye Removal, Select Subject, or Select Sky. With this feature, you now have the option to provide feedback on the results of the AI process. An icon resembling a cartoon dialog bubble now appears in the interface when using one of these features, allowing you to provide feedback on the AI’s performance.

Compare View (Lightroom Desktop)

Lightroom Desktop now includes a Compare View with an option to place images side-by-side or stacked. The images can also be swapped.

Video (Lightroom Desktop)

You no longer need to leave Lightroom Desktop if you wish to make an edit to a video before sharing it on social media or elsewhere. Many of the Camera Raw edit controls that you are accustomed to using with your photos can also be used to edit your videos. You can also trim a video clip, altering its in-point and/or out-point to cut off any part of the beginning and/or end that you don’t want.

Batch Auto Settings (Lightroom Desktop)

You can now apply Auto Settings to any number of photos at once. Simply, select multiple photos in the grid, then invoke the command via the Photos menu or via the contextual menu.

New Camera Support

Details of new camera support added since the last release can be found here

New Lens Correction Support

Details of new lens support added since the last release can be found here

Bug Fixes

Lightroom Classic bug fixes listed here

Lightroom Desktop bug fixes listed here

Camera Raw bug fixes listed here

Disclosure: As an Adobe Community Professional I receive a free subscription to Adobe Creative Cloud.

Lightroom Classic 9.2 | February 2020

Lightroom Classic 9.2 was released today 10 February. New Camera defaults and settings UI, PSB file support, Secondary Display Selection, and improvements in Auto-Sync workflow. In addition, this update delivers some minor performance improvements, bug fixes and new camera support / new lens support.

Lightroom Classic 9.2

Default by Camera Settings

Many Lightroom Classic customers will already be familiar with the Camera Raw Defaults feature that’s been around since the early days of Lightroom (see Customising Camera Defaults). However, useful as it was, it lacks a UI, and doesn’t include support the camera profiles and presets introduced in Lightroom Classic 7.3. Additionally, photographers often take advantage of the picture styles or profiles settings within their cameras. Unfortunately, when importing into Lightroom Classic with the default set to Adobe Color, the image will often look quite different from the camera preview and will require time to adjust it back to the desired look.

The above shortcomings have now been addressed by a new dialog in which you can choose to apply Raw Default Settings preferences globally or a camera model by camera model basis. With the new raw default settings dialog, you can now use Camera Settings as the default to preserve the ‘as shot’ look and reduce your edit time. The new UI can be found in the Lightroom Preferences dialog under Presets tab.

Camera Default Settings

The Master setting applies to raw files from all cameras.

Adobe Defaults means the default settings that Adobe provides (this option matches legacy behaviour from previous versions of Lightroom Classic).

Camera Settings is an attempt to match the in-camera settings. However, behaviour varies from camera to camera depending on the degree of support. For many popular cameras, this option simply selects the appropriate Camera Matching colour profile. Therefore, if you have a Canon 5D MkIV and use Picture Style = Landscape in the camera, then this would default to using the Camera Landscape colour profile. For some recent models such as the Nikon Z series, there are even more detailed settings that more closely approximate the in-camera settings (i.e. choosing Camera Settings will not only affect the colour profile, but also other settings in the Basic and Detail panels).

Preset means you can just choose whichever preset you want. For example, you can make a preset that picks your favorite profile (e.g. Adobe Landscape), increases Sharpening, and turns on a post-crop vignette and make that your default.

Use defaults specific to camera model enablers you to customise (as described above) on a model by model. Therefore, if you have two cameras, say, a Canon EOS 5D MkIV and a Sony A7 III and you want to use different defaults for each, you can do that.

While this new system is much more powerful and flexible than before, the existing Default Develop Settings (from previous versions) are not compatible with it. As such, any previous default settings you’ve already saved in Lightroom Classic will not be carried over to the new system.

A detailed explanation on how this feature works and how to create/apply settings based on ISO can be found in: default settings for importing raw images on Adobe’s Help pages

Note that this feature is also available in Adobe Camera Raw 12.2

Photoshop Large Document (PSB) File Support

Landscape photographers who stitch multiple images to create very large panorama images will be acutely aware of support within Lightroom Classic for Adobe PSB files.

Starting with 9.2 this is no longer the case, you can import, catalog, and edit Large Document Format (.psb) files within Lightroom Classic. However, like all files within Classic, the maximum dimensions are 65,000 pixels on the long edge or 512 megapixels.

Additional GPU Accelerated Editing

Expanding on GPU support, 9.2 sees the addition of full GPU acceleration for Lens Correction and Transform adjustments.

eGPU Empowered Enhanced Details

Enhance Details now leverages external GPUs on macOS 10.15 (Catalina) for faster processing.

Secondary Display Selection

Another long awaited feature enhancement  included in 9.2 is the ability to select which monitor to use as the secondary view when multiple monitors are available. A good example of this is when using three or more displays, opening a second window will now automatically appear in the designated monitor that may have better resolution, colour calibration, etc. for your workflow needs.

Simply, go to Lightroom Preferences dialog and use the Display tab to select the monitor for secondary view. Lightroom will show the secondary view on the selected monitor.

Secondary Display Configuration

Auto-Sync Improvements

One of the most powerful yet poorly understood options in the Develop module is Auto-Sync. With Auto-Sync enabled (multiple images must first have been selected), any adjustments applied to the most selected image will be automatically applied to the other selected images. Unfortunately, this can also work against you in that resetting adjustments applied to an image will also reset any other selected images. By adding a notification overlay and a more visible button, Adobe hope to prevent unintentional batch edits, etc. The notifications can be turned off in the Preferences Interface tab.

Auto-Sync Improvements

Export – Updates

A ‘Done’ button has been added to the Export Dialog.

  • Done – Dismiss the Export dialog and remember changes in export settings.
  • Cancel – Dismiss the Export dialog without remembering changes in export settings.
  • Export – Perform export

New Mainstream Cameras Supported by 9.2

  • Canon EOS-1Dx Mark III
  • Nikon Coolpix P950
  • Nikon D780
  • Phase One IQ4 150MP (Preliminary)

Camera & Lens Support

For a full list of supported cameras and lens profiles for Camera Raw, Lightroom Classic,  and Lightroom Cloud Ecosystem see these resources: